Alzheimer’s Abuse in Nursing Homes
Nursing home abuse is disturbing on its own. When the chosen victim suffers from Alzheimer’s disease, this exploitation is heartbreaking. A 2010 study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society found that nearly 50 percent of Alzheimer’s patients experience nursing home abuse or neglect.
Residents with Alzheimer’s Are Easy Targets for Perpetrators
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. This is a progressive, incurable brain disorder that destroys memory, intellectual, social, and other mental functions. Nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s are more likely to be abused or neglected for the following reasons:
- They might not remember the incident.
- They may fear retaliation from the caregiver.
- Their report might not be believed.
- They may not be able to speak if they are in the advanced stages of the disease.
Alzheimer’s Symptoms Help Cover Abusive Action
Alzheimer’s symptoms include personality changes such as irritability, aggression, paranoia, and delusions. It is easy to understand how a perpetrator can shift accusations of abuse onto the disease.
Recognizing the Signs of Abuse and Neglect
Because Alzheimer’s patients are more at risk for abuse, it is important to know the warning signs of elder abuse and neglect.
Signs of physical abuse and neglect may include:
- Unexplained or frequent bumps and bruises
- Abrupt weight loss
- Bedrail or restraint injuries or bruises
- Unwashed hair, body, or clothes
- Fractures or concussions
Emotional and Financial Abuse Leaves Little Evidence
Physical abuse usually leaves the victim with bruises, bumps, fractures, or other evidence of harm. Emotional and financial abuse is harder to detect. The nature of Alzheimer’s makes it difficult to determine the facts of potential endangerment. Many symptoms of emotional abuse are similar to typical indicators of Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.
When in doubt, listen to your instincts: if you believe something is wrong, there probably is reason to investigate.
Signs of Emotional Abuse in an Alzheimer’s Patient
- Unexplained depression or anxiety
- Sudden withdrawal from normal activities
- Fearful or cowering behavior in front of caregiver
- Signs of agitation such as rocking back and forth, sucking thumbs, or muttering to themselves
- Changes in sleeping or eating
- Intense alertness to noises and other stimuli
- Aggressive behavior
- Violence toward others or self
Family members and friends should be on the lookout for threatening or demeaning language or actions by nursing home staff. Another warning sign is a nursing home or caregiver who will not allow you to visit with your loved one alone.
Indicators of Financial Abuse
Dishonest caregivers know that nursing home residents with Alzheimer’s disease have trouble remembering and reasoning. They count on this faulty memory if they want to cheat or steal. It is recommended that Alzheimer’s patients have a family member, attorney, or other trusted individual to look after their finances and handle monthly bills. The warning signs of financial abuse might include:
- Missing cash, jewelry, electronics, antiques, or other valuables
- Unexplained cash or ATM withdrawals
- Suspicious credit card purchases
- Evidence of unpaid or overdue bills
- Refusal to supply care without extra payment
Some abusive caregivers try to have themselves added to the resident’s will. All legal paperwork such as wills and trusts should be in order before the disease progresses. If your loved one has been tricked into changing his or her will, you should not hesitate to consult a nursing home abuse lawyer. An attorney can tell you if such alterations or additions are legal given your loved one’s state of mind.
Nursing Home Abuse Is a Problem Nationwide
More than 50 percent of nursing home staff admitted to abusing or neglecting residents, according to a 2010 study published in Nursing Management. Any kind of intentional or neglectful actions that harm seniors – physical, sexual, emotional, or financial — is a violation of state and federal laws.
When Do You Take Action?
If you suspect that a loved one with Alzheimer’s is being abused or neglected, you must protect them. This includes reporting the incident to the facility administrator, your local agency on elder affairs, and law enforcement if the situation is immediate and life-threatening. It is better to err on the side of caution, particularly because the symptoms of Alzheimer’s can make it difficult to spot abuse.
Understanding the Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease
According to the Center of Excellence on Elder Abuse and Neglect at the University of California, Irvine, there are 5.3 million Americans with Alzheimer’s, the majority of whom are over age 65. Most medical experts believe that Alzheimer’s is caused by a combination of lifestyle, environmental, and genetic factors. The disease targets and kills brain cells. As more brain cells disappear, the person loses more mental and physical abilities until they succumb to the illness.
Nursing Homes that Cater to Alzheimer’s Patients
Specially designed long-term facilities are now more available to seniors with Alzheimer’s. These memory care units are supposed to offer trained nurses and aides who understand the unique challenges of the disease. If you are looking for an Alzheimer’s nursing facility for a loved one, here are some helpful hints:
- Personal references are the most reliable. Ask a friend or co-worker for a personal recommendation of a nursing home.
- Visit your state’s elder affairs agency website for a facility listing. You have the right to know about any violations or incidents.
- Check with a nursing home abuse law firm. Their focus on elder law makes them a valuable source of information.